Publication

Title: An emerging clade of Chikungunya West African genotype discovered in real-time during 2023 outbreak in Senegal
Authors: Padane A, Tegally H, Ramphal Y, Ndiaye S, Sarr M, Diop M, Diedhiou CK, Mboup A, Diouf N, Souare A, Diagne ND, Aza-Gnandji M, Dabo NA, Dia YA, Diaw NA, Leye N, Diaw PA, Ambroise A, Cisse B, Diallo AS, Diop O, Diallo AA, Ndoye S, Sanko TJ, Baxter C, Wilkinson E, James SE, Tshiabuila D, Naidoo Y, Pillay S, Lessells R, Cisse K, Leye A, Mbaye A, Kania D, Traore I, Kagone ST, Tinto B, Ouedraogo A, Lourenco J, Giovanetti M, Giandhari J, de Oliveira T, Mboup S.
Journal: medrxiv,MEDRXIV-2023-298527v1: (2023)

Abstract

Chikungunya (CHIKV) is a re-emerging endemic arbovirus in West Africa. Since July 2023, Senegal and Burkina Faso have been experiencing an ongoing outbreak, with over 300 confirmed cases detected so far in the regions of K├ędougou and Tambacounda in Senegal, the largest recorded outbreak yet. CHIKV is typically maintained in a sylvatic cycle in Senegal but its evolution and factors contributing to re-emergence are so far unknown in West Africa, leaving a gap in understanding and responding to recurrent epidemics. We produced, in real-time, the first locally-generated and publicly available CHIKV whole genomes in West Africa, to characterize the genetic diversity of circulating strains, along with phylodynamic analysis to estimate time of emergence and population growth dynamics. A novel strain of the West African genotype, phylogenetically distinct from strains circulating in previous outbreaks, was identified. This suggests a likely new spillover from sylvatic cycles in rural Senegal and potential of seeding larger epidemics in urban settings in Senegal and elsewhere.

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Citation: Padane A, Tegally H, Ramphal Y, Ndiaye S, Sarr M, Diop M, Diedhiou CK, Mboup A, Diouf N, Souare A, Diagne ND, Aza-Gnandji M, Dabo NA, Dia YA, Diaw NA, Leye N, Diaw PA, Ambroise A, Cisse B, Diallo AS, Diop O, Diallo AA, Ndoye S, Sanko TJ, Baxter C, Wilkinson E, James SE, Tshiabuila D, Naidoo Y, Pillay S, Lessells R, Cisse K, Leye A, Mbaye A, Kania D, Traore I, Kagone ST, Tinto B, Ouedraogo A, Lourenco J, Giovanetti M, Giandhari J, de Oliveira T, Mboup S. An emerging clade of Chikungunya West African genotype discovered in real-time during 2023 outbreak in Senegal medrxiv,MEDRXIV-2023-298527v1: (2023).


KRISP has been created by the coordinated effort of the University of KwaZulu-Natal (UKZN), the Technology Innovation Agency (TIA) and the South African Medical Research Countil (SAMRC).


Location: K-RITH Tower Building
Nelson R Mandela School of Medicine, UKZN
719 Umbilo Road, Durban, South Africa.
Director: Prof. Tulio de Oliveira