Publication

Title: Genomic and epidemiological monitoring of yellow fever virus transmission potential
Authors: Faria NR, Kraemer MUG, S C Hill, J Goes de Jesus, R S Aguiar, F C M Iani, J Xavier, J Quick, L du Plessis, S Dellicour, J Thézé, R D O Carvalho, G Baele, C-H Wu, P P Silveira, M B Arruda, M A Pereira, G C Pereira, J Lourenço1, U Obolski, L Abade, T I Vasylyeva, M Giovanetti, D Yi, D J Weiss, G R W Wint, F M Shearer, S Funk, B Nikolay, Fonseca V, T E R Adelino, M A A Oliveira, M V F Silva, L Sacchetto, P O Figueiredo, I M Rezende, E M Mello, R F C Said, D A Santos, M L Ferraz, M G Brito, L F Santana, M T Menezes, R M Brindeiro, A Tanuri, F C P dos Santos, M S Cunha, J S Nogueira, I M Rocco, A C da Costa, S C V Komninakis, V Azevedo, A O Chieppe, E S M Araujo, M C L Mendonça, C C dos Santos, C D dos Santos, A M Mares-Guia, R M R Nogueira, P C Sequeira, R G Abreu, M H O Garcia, A L Abreu, O Okumoto, E G Kroon, C F C de Albuquerque, K Lewandowski, S T Pullan, M Carroll, de Oliveira T, E C Sabino, R P Souza, M A Suchard, P Lemey, G S Trindade, B P Drumond, A M B Filippis, N J Loman, S Cauchemez, Alcantara LCJ, Pybus OG .
Journal: Science,DOI: 10.1126/science.aat7115: (2018)

Journal Impact Factor (I.F.): 37.205
Number of citations (Google Scholar): 100

Abstract

The yellow fever virus (YFV) epidemic in Brazil is the largest in decades. The recent discovery of YFV in Brazilian Aedes species mosquitos highlights a need to monitor the risk of reestablishment of urban YFV transmission in the Americas.

We use a suite of epidemiological, spatial, and genomic approaches to characterize YFV transmission. We show that the age and sex distribution of human cases is characteristic of sylvatic transmission. Analysis of YFV cases combined with genomes generated locally reveals an early phase of sylvatic YFV transmission and spatial expansion toward previously YFV-free areas, followed by a rise in viral spillover to humans in late 2016. Our results establish a framework for monitoring YFV transmission in real time that will contribute to a global strategy to eliminate future YFV epidemics.

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Citation: Faria NR, Kraemer MUG, S C Hill, J Goes de Jesus, R S Aguiar, F C M Iani, J Xavier, J Quick, L du Plessis, S Dellicour, J Thézé, R D O Carvalho, G Baele, C-H Wu, P P Silveira, M B Arruda, M A Pereira, G C Pereira, J Lourenço1, U Obolski, L Abade, T I Vasylyeva, M Giovanetti, D Yi, D J Weiss, G R W Wint, F M Shearer, S Funk, B Nikolay, Fonseca V, T E R Adelino, M A A Oliveira, M V F Silva, L Sacchetto, P O Figueiredo, I M Rezende, E M Mello, R F C Said, D A Santos, M L Ferraz, M G Brito, L F Santana, M T Menezes, R M Brindeiro, A Tanuri, F C P dos Santos, M S Cunha, J S Nogueira, I M Rocco, A C da Costa, S C V Komninakis, V Azevedo, A O Chieppe, E S M Araujo, M C L Mendonça, C C dos Santos, C D dos Santos, A M Mares-Guia, R M R Nogueira, P C Sequeira, R G Abreu, M H O Garcia, A L Abreu, O Okumoto, E G Kroon, C F C de Albuquerque, K Lewandowski, S T Pullan, M Carroll, de Oliveira T, E C Sabino, R P Souza, M A Suchard, P Lemey, G S Trindade, B P Drumond, A M B Filippis, N J Loman, S Cauchemez, Alcantara LCJ, Pybus OG . Genomic and epidemiological monitoring of yellow fever virus transmission potential Science,DOI: 10.1126/science.aat7115: (2018).

Printed and Online Media Coverage

The Telegraph

Yellow fever virus detective work could help target vaccination campaignsThe Telegraph - 2018-08-23 Science paper in 2018 that uses genomic sequencing of a recent yellow fever outbreak in Brazil has traced it back to its source.


Science Daily

Tracking the evolution and transmission of yellow feverScience Daily - 2018-08-23

A pioneering research collaboration into yellow fever virus (YFV) has shed new light on the exceptional recent outbreak in Brazil and how the virus spreads. The findings have implications for monitoring viral transmission and could potentially contribute to a strategy for eliminating YFV worldwide